Bengaluru Rural District is one of the 31 districts of Karnataka. It was founded in 1986 and Bengaluru was split into Bangalore (Rural) and Bangalore (city).
Ramanagara District, part of the rural district of Bangalore, was split in 2007 and rebuilt the district headquarters in Ramanagar taluk with three other Talukas, Chennapatna, Kanakapura and Magadi.
Currently in Bengaluru Rural district, there are 2 divisions, 4 taluks, 35 hoblies, 1,713 habitat and 177 densely populated villages, 105 gram panchayats. The proximity to Bangalore city has its own influence on the district, Has a substantial population of population. Rural people are largely agricultural, though area, service and IT industries are increasing with the arrival of SEZs. Devanahalli is 95 billion Devanahalli Business Park near Bangalore International Airport. According to the 2001 census, the total population of the district is 1,881,514, of which 21.65% of the city is population density per km2 to 309 persons. The Bangalore Rural District has a population of 22.5% of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Hinduism is the main religion of this district.
Are mainly rain-fed and dry farming is a characteristic feature of the district. By and large this rural district is Agricultural and Ragi is the main crop through mulberry is raised over considerable tracts. The climate of the district is salubrious and very agreeable. It is devoid of extremes. But rainfall is meager, and as no major river flows in the district Irrigation facilities are also limited. This district too had often suffered from deficit and capricious rainfall conditions and the resultant phenomenon of crop failure. The contribution of Horticulture to the Economy of the district is quite substantial. The district has considerable tracts under Horticultural crops like Mango and Grapes. Betel vine Gardens are also seen in many places. Animal Husbandry is being practiced since generations as an adjunct to Agriculture. A high degree of Urbanisation of Bangalore city has enhanced the economic importance of dairying, poultry keeping And Horticulture which provide livelihood to a very large section. Considerable numbers are also engaged in raising sheep for wool as well Vijayapura have been the most notable center of Sericulture and Doddaballapura and Devanahalli are remembered for prosperous weaving Industry. Considerable number of people are engaged in rolling beedies and Agarbattis.
Origin of Name :-
The Bangalore Rural District derives its name from its head quarters town, Bangalore and majority of the district consists of Rural Areas. The earliest reference to the name is seen in a Ninth Century Ganga Inscription from Begur as ‘Benguluru’ ‘The present name Bangalore is the Anglicised form of Bengaluru. A popular story tries to suggest the origin of Bengaluru ‘ from ‘ Bendakaluru `, Hoysala Ballala, during his long journey is stated to have been fed by an old women , with Benda kalu (Boiled beans). The prince named the place as ‘Benda kala uru ‘
The District lies in the southern maidan region of the State and is by and large an open country which is lacking in natural barriers. Bangalore Rural District is bounded on the North by Tumkur and Kolar Districts: on the South by Ramanagar District and Tamil Nadu State; on the east by Kolar District and Tamil Nadu State and on the West by Tumkur District.
Area and Population :-
Bangalore Rural district has an area of 2259 sq km, and population of 850968. Density of Population is 441/sqkm and sex ratio of 945 (2001).
History of the District as an Administrative Unit :-
Historically, the earliest dynasty which established its sway over this district is that of the Gangas. In about the fourth century A.D., the Gangas established themselves at Kolar and the territory comprised in Bangalore Rural district formed part of Gangavadi 96,000 and Honganur of Channapatna Taluk was the chief town of a sub-division, called Chikka Gangavadi, which occupied the Shimsha valley. During the Seventh century, Mankund was a place of great importance and was the second royal residence of Ganga Bhuvikrama(654-79) and also of Shivamara(679-726). In the eight century Shri Purusha made Manyapura ( Manne of Nelamangala Taluk) his royal residence and later it was a major center under the Rashtrakutas. Manne or Mannekadakam of Tamil records had been the headquarters of Rashtrakutas Governor Kambarasa. Certain parts of the district, especially in the East, were held by the Nolamb Pallavas.
The major portion of Bangalore rural district lies in the Arkavati valley. The Arkavati, the Kanva and the Dakshina pinakini (southern Pennar) are the rivers which flow through the district in the general direction from north to south.
The mean sea level of the district is at a difference of height between 629 to 950 mtr. Bangalore Rural District consists of 4 taluks namely: